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Antabuse General Information.

One of the most successful strategies for the treatment of alcoholism in USA is the use of drugs that cause nausea and discomfort when consuming alcohol. The main purpose of using these drugs is to develop a distaste for alcohol. The action of Disulfiram due to the ability to disrupt the metabolism of alcohol. After ingestion, Antabuse is converted into substances that are involved in the metabolism of ethanol. This leads to increased concentrations of metabolites of ethanol, which causes a negative experience nausea, vomiting, dizziness, tachycardia, drop in blood pressure, which makes an unpleasant alcohol after taking Antabuse. Thus Antabuse produces an aversion to alcohol and allows for complete intolerance of alcohol. Before treatment the patient carefully examined. In the absence of contraindications explain the principle of patient care and caution on the dangers of alcohol during treatment. Antabuse given orally at 250-500 mg 1-2 times daily on an individual scheme, the designated physician. After 8-10 days, conduct a sample of alcohol (20-30 ml of alcohol after taking 500 mg of the drug), with low dose of alcohol increases the reaction at 10-20 ml. The sample was repeated every 1-2 days with correction doses of alcohol or drugs. In the future, you can use the maintenance dose of 125-250 mg / day for 1-3 years. After treatment 70% of patients stop drinking alcohol.

Antabuse Alcoholism Treatment.

Alcoholism is a disease that is characterized by psychological and physical dependence on alcohol. A sick person loses control over alcohol intake of alcohol, and continues to use despite negative consequences for their health and social relations. The oxidation of alcohol in the body produces acetaldehyde, a toxic substance that causes the development of chronic toxicity in the body. Excessively drinking, leads to metabolic disorders in the body, destruction of the liver, heart and kidneys. Very sensitive to the effects of alcohol nervous system. The signs of nervous system disorders include tremors, night sweats, insomnia, general irritability, weakness. Chronic alcoholism leads to mental illness. In addition, the risk of suicide among patients with alcoholism increased tenfold. About half of the murders as committed under the influence of alcohol.

The main features of the transition to drinking alcohol the absence of a protective response vomiting when taking large doses of alcohol and loss of control over the quantity of alcohol consumed. There are several stages of alcoholism. As the disease increases alcohol dependence, and an opportunity to get rid of the alcohol decreases. The first stage of alcoholism is when a person drinks alcohol occasionally, usually in the company and not alone. However, he may at any time to refuse alcohol without harm to their psyche. The danger of the first stage consists in the fact that the daily consumption of alcohol after 3-12 months the first stage enters the second stage of alcoholism. At this stage, the patient begins to experience a strong desire to drink alcohol. If this is not possible to take a dose of alcohol is a desire to weaken. But if a person begins to drink alcohol, it can not control the amount of alcohol drunk. There is irritability, aggression, problems with the memory. At the last stage of alcoholism withdrawal symptoms appear. Attraction to alcohol is increasing. Once the patient drank alcohol, he becomes dangerous to the people around him. You may experience alcoholic psychosis and hallucinations, there is a significant degradation of the individual patient with irreversible changes in the psyche. A man drinks alcohol almost every day. There are irreversible lesions of internal organs, usually liver cirrhosis.

One of the most effective treatments for alcoholism is a method of sensitizing therapy. Its purpose is to suppress craving for alcohol and creating conditions for the forced abstinence from alcohol. The patient was prescribed the drug Antabuse, which in itself is harmless. However, when ingested alcohol, reaction of interaction, consequences of which can be very serious and unpredictable consequences for the patient. The reaction to the drug in the body occurs only in the case of alcohol. This therapy helps to get rid of alcohol addiction for most patients.

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